About Sensitive Skin
What is Sensitive skin?
The term sensitive skin is general used to describe skin that has a low tolerance for topical skin products and things that come into contact with the skin. Such as sprays, lotions, creams, metals, materials, detergents for example. Dr. Dyall-Smith says in past surveys, approximately 50% of women and 40% of men may report having sensitive skin.
Sensitive skin can reveal itself in several different subjective ways. Such as stinging, itching, burning. Visible skin changes such as redness, dryness, scaling, peeling, bumps, or hives. Any of the symptoms can show up anywhere on the body, face, or both.
Causes of sensitive skin
Contact Dermatitis - This is an inflammatory response of the skin to external applied agents. Not necessarily due to allergies. Ones own body excretions can cause this condition.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis - is a skin reaction to external application of an agent. Increases severity of condition over longer exposure to agent. Commonly an allergic reaction.
Contact Uticaria - is a form of hives triggered by skin contact with an agent that causes immediate swelling and redness and resolves over hours.
Rosacea - is a common facial skin condition characterized by some or all of the following- flushing/blushing, persistent redness and broken capilaries, Acne-like rash of bumps and pimples, Localised facial swelling.
Physical Uticaria and Dermographism - refers to hives triggered by a physical event such as pressure, cold, heat, friction, vibration, or scratch. Dermographism is when the skin raises directly where the skin has been scratched.
Aquagenic Pruitus - the skin becomes itchy following contact with water of any temperature.
Dry Skin - occurs for genetic reasons, environmental factors such as low humidity or excessive washing, general health issues or medications.
Eczema - usually itchy with a visible rash, which can further react to water, temperature, humidity and other environmental factors. This presence of a second problem such as an irritant or allergic contact dermatitis to a product being applied to the skin.
Psoriasis - you may see a few red bumps on your skin. These may get larger and thicker, and then get scales on top. The patches may join together and cover large parts of your body. Your rash can be itchy and uncomfortable, and it may bleed easily if you rub or pick it.
Photodermatoses - may take the form of a reaction to sunlight, as easy sunburn, hives, blisters or sensory symptoms such as tingling.
Cutaneous Mastocytoses - This results in skin redness, puffiness and perhaps even blistering. Mast Cells released rapidly during hypersensitivity and inflammation. This rapid release and overload causes capillary enlargement just below the surface of the skin and plasma leakage.
Stress - causes a chemical response in your body that makes skin more sensitivity and reactive. It can also make it more difficult for skin conditions to heal.
Estheticians are seeing a consistent spike in the number of clients coming in with sensitive skin issues. Approximately 50% of women and 40% of men have concerns of skin sensitivities now and is becoming more common with children too. Some people experience mild, occasional flare-ups while others deal with constant redness, breakouts, excessive dryness, and discomfort. Skin sensitivity increases with age and on average, skin becomes 10 percent drier each decade after the age of 20. The less moisture skin retains, the weaker the cellular barrier and the more irritants get in. Some skin conditions that cause skin sensitivities are not completely understood and may also be the result of intolerances and allergies to foods, herbs, and spices as well.
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